Custom Search


Tuesday 15 May 2007

All-cause treatment discontinuation in schizophrenia during treatment with olanzapine relative to other antipsychotics: an integrated analysis.

By: Beasley CM, Stauffer VL, Liu-Seifert H, Taylor CC, Dunayevich E, Davis JM.

J Clin Psychopharmacol 2007 Jun;27(3):252-8

OBJECTIVES: Treatment continuation, as measured by time to all-cause treatment discontinuation, is a broad measure of overall treatment effectiveness. This integrated analysis compared the likelihood of discontinuation from olanzapine treatment versus other antipsychotics among patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: Clinical trials of all sponsors were included if they met the following criteria: double-blind, randomized, comparative; duration of 12 weeks or longer; no mandatory discontinuation before 12 weeks; and schizophrenia-spectrum disorders; 20 patients or more per treatment. Weighted mean hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals were calculated from discontinuation time. Meta-analyses were performed for the following comparators that had at least 2 studies: haloperidol (5 studies), risperidone (5 studies), ziprasidone (2 studies), clozapine (3 studies), and perphenazine (2 studies) (13 studies in total; 3 included more than 1 comparator). Only 1 eligible published study was found for fluphenazine, amisulpride, and quetiapine; therefore, meta-analyses could not be performed for these comparators. RESULTS: Significantly (P < 0.05) greater likelihood of discontinuation relative to olanzapine treatment (hazard ratio [95% confidence interval]) was observed for haloperidol (1.4 [1.2-1.7]), risperidone (1.3 [1.1-1.6]), ziprasidone (1.6 [1.4-2.0]), and quetiapine (1.4 [1.1-1.9]), but not clozapine (1.2 [0.9-1.6]), fluphenazine (1.8 [0.8-4.3]), perphenazine (1.3 [0.7-2.1]), or amisulpride (1.1 [0.8-1.6]). CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that patients with schizophrenia and related disorders may continue olanzapine treatment longer than haloperidol, risperidone, ziprasidone, or quetiapine treatment.

Use of this site is subject to the following terms of use