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Friday 21 February 2003

alpha2C-Adrenoceptor blockade by clozapine and other antipsychotic drugs.

By: Kalkman HO, Loetscher E.

Eur J Pharmacol 2003 Feb 21;462(1-3):33-40

The noradrenergic system may play a role in antipsychotic modulation of schizophrenia symptoms. Therefore, the antagonistic potencies of the antipsychotics clozapine, chlorpromazine, risperidone, olanzapine, haloperidol, quetiapine, ziprasidone, iloperidone and aripiprazole were quantified using cell lines expressing the recombinant human alpha(2C)-adrenoceptor, alpha(2A)-adrenoceptor, or dopamine D(2L) receptor. The alpha(2)-adrenoceptor antagonists, yohimbine and idazoxan, were also tested. Alterations in cAMP were measured as changes in luminescence. In the alpha(2A)-adrenoceptor cell line, the agonist 5-bromo-6-(2-imidazolin-2-ylamino)quinoxaline (UK14,304) induced a concentration-dependent increase in luminescence. In cell lines expressing alpha(2C) and D(2L) receptors, agonists induced a concentration-dependent reduction in luminescence. Yohimbine and idazoxan were the most potent alpha(2A)-adrenoceptor antagonists, yohimbine and iloperidone were the most potent alpha(2C)-adrenoceptor antagonists, and haloperidol and olanzapine were the most potent dopamine D(2) receptor antagonists. Clozapine had the highest alpha(2C)/D(2) selectivity, and iloperidone the highest alpha(2C)/alpha(2A) ratio. It is hypothesised that alpha(2C)-adrenoceptor blockade contributes to improvement of cognitive function.

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